The WOrk-ReLated Flow (WOLF) Inventory: Romanian Adaptation

Alexandra Bădoiu, Bogdan Oprea


Flow at work represents a short-term peak experience characterised by absorption, work enjoyment, and intrinsic work motivation and it is measured with the WOrk-reLated Flow inventory (WOLF). The aim of this paper was the Romanian adaptation of WOLF. We conducted the reliability and validity analyses, as well as the exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, on a sample of 224 Romanian employees selected using the snowball sampling method. The high values of the internal consistency indices (similar to those obtained in the initial validation study) and the positive and statistically significant associations between factors indicated good psychometric properties of the instrument. On the one hand, the exploratory factor analysis revealed a two-factor solution for the Romanian population. These results are congruent with some recent studies showing that the work enjoyment and the intrinsic work motivation are two overlapping dimensions and that the work enjoyment is a main element of the intrinsic work motivation. On the other hand, the confirmatory factor analysis yielded that the initially suggested three-factor model fits better with the data. But, considering the results we obtained, we propose that a two-factor solution fits better the data. However, further studies in this area are required to draw a certain conclusion upon which factorial structure is better for the Romanian population. All the results considered, the WOLF Inventory has good psychometric properties and it can be used in research and practice.


work-related flow; reliability; validity; factor analysis

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