Job Crafting: Autonomy and workload as antecedents and the willingness to continue working until retirement age as a positive outcome

Els Vanbelle, Anja Van den Broeck, Hans De Witte


This study focuses on job crafting and explores autonomy and workload as antecedents and the willingness to continue working until retirement age as a positive outcome of job crafting in a population of employees aged between 45 and 65 years. We define job crafting as making changes in one’s job in order to optimize one’s functioning in terms of wellbeing, work-related attitudes or behaviour. Building on the selective optimization compensation theory, we expect job crafting to be a successful aging strategy which enhances the willingness to continue working. Furthermore, starting from the activation hypothesis of Karasek, we expect that employees in active jobs (i.e., a combination of high autonomy and workload) will craft their jobs to a higher extent. Results among 1168 governmental employees generally confirmed our hypotheses. An active work environment, in terms of high autonomy and high workload associated indirectly with an enhanced willingness to continue working via job crafting. Results and steps forward are discussed.


job crafting; active jobs; willingness to continue working until retirement age

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