Measurement Invariance of the Satisfaction with Life Scale in Roma Minority and Romanian Majority Adolescents in Romania

Radosveta Dimitrova, Carmen Buzea, Amina Abubakar, Delia Stefenel


The Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS; Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985) is one of the most widely used scales for the measurement of subjective well-being. Yet, its measurement invariance and factor structure have not been investigated across culturally diverse samples in Romania. This study addressed this gap in a sample of Roma minority (n = 378), and Romanian majority adolescents (n = 465) in Romania. We found support for scalar invariance, indicating similar patterns and strengths in factor loadings, means and intercepts across samples. SWLS mean comparisons did not show group differences in life satisfaction. We conclude that the SWLS is a brief and valid measure of life satisfaction that can be used for cultural comparison with samples from Romania.


measurement invariance, confirmatory factor analysis, SWSL, Roma, Romania

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