Measurement Invariance of the Satisfaction with Life Scale in Roma Minority and Romanian Majority Adolescents in Romania

Radosveta Dimitrova, Carmen Buzea, Amina Abubakar, Delia Stefenel

Abstract


The Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS; Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985) is one of the most widely used scales for the measurement of subjective well-being. Yet, its measurement invariance and factor structure have not been investigated across culturally diverse samples in Romania. This study addressed this gap in a sample of Roma minority (n = 378), and Romanian majority adolescents (n = 465) in Romania. We found support for scalar invariance, indicating similar patterns and strengths in factor loadings, means and intercepts across samples. SWLS mean comparisons did not show group differences in life satisfaction. We conclude that the SWLS is a brief and valid measure of life satisfaction that can be used for cultural comparison with samples from Romania.

Keywords


measurement invariance, confirmatory factor analysis, SWSL, Roma, Romania

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amnesty International (2013). Europe: Discrimination against Roma. Retrieved from http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/EUR01/012/2007

Anaby, D., Jarus, T., & Zumbo, B. D. (2010). Psychometric evaluation of the Hebrew language version of the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Social Indicators Research, 96, 267–274. doi:10.1007/s11205-009-9476-z

Andren, D., & Martinsson, P. (2003). What contributes to life satisfaction in transitional Romania? Source Paper, University of Göteborg, Department of Economics, Göteborg, Sweden. Retrieved from http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/andren_d_2003.pdf

Arbuckle, J. (2009). Amos 19. Crawfordville, FL: AMOS Development Corporation.

Arrindell, W. A., Meeuwesen, L., & Huyse, F. J. (1991). The Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS): Psychometric properties in a non-psychiatric medical outpatients sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 12, 117–123. doi:10.1016/0191-8869(91)90094-R

Atienza, F. L., Pons, D., Balaguer, I. U., & Garcia-Merita, M. (2000). Psychometric properties of the Satisfaction with Life Scale in adolescents. Psicothema, 12, 314–319.

Ayyash-Abdo, H., & Alamuddin, R. (2007). Predictors of subjective well-being among college youth in Lebanon. The Journal of Social Psychology, 147, 265–284. doi:10.3200/SOCP.147.3.265-284

Bai, X., Wu, C., Rui-Zheng, R., & Ren, X. (2011). The psychometric evaluation of the Satisfaction with Life Scale using a nationally representative sample of China. Journal of Happiness Studies, 12, 183–197. doi:10.1007/s10902-010-9186-x

Bălţătescu, S. (2007). Bunăstarea subiectivă în noile ţări membre ale UE: O evaluare comparativă a tendinţelor, Sociologie Românească, 5, 23–41. Retrieved from http://www.arsociologie.ro/ro/sociologieromaneasca/arhiva/220-rezumat-baltatescu-3-2007

Bălţătescu, S. (2007). Stabilitate şi schimbare în nivelurile şi structura bunăstarii subiective: România 1997-1999, Calitatea vieţii, 18, 126–136, Retrieved from http://www.revistacalitateavietii.ro/2007/CV-1-2-2007/7.pdf

Bălţătescu, S. (2014). Gender and age differences in subjective well-being: Romania 1990–2005, In E. Eckermann (Ed.), Gender, lifespan and quality of life (pp. 99–114). Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Springer

Billiet, J. (2002). Cross-cultural equivalence with structural equation modeling. In P. P. Mohler (Ed.), Cross-Cultural Survey Methods (pp. 247–264). New York, NY: Wiley.

Cazan, A. M. (2014). The Romanian version of the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Romanian Journal of Experimental Applied Psychology, 5, 42–47.

Chen, F. F. (2007). Sensitivity of goodness of fit indexes to lack of measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling- A Multidisciplinary Journal, 14, 464–504. doi:10.1080/10705510701301834

Cicchetti, D. (1994). Guidelines, criteria and rules of thumbs for evaluating normed and standardized assessment instruments in psychology. Psychological Assessment, 6, 284–90. doi:0.1037/1040-3590.6.4.284

Clench-Aas, J., Nes, R. B., Dalgard, O. S., & Aarø, L. E. (2011). Dimensionality and measurement invariance in the Satisfaction with Life Scale in Norway. Quality of Life Research, 20, 1307–1317. doi:10.1007/s11136-011-9859-x

Currie, C., Zanotti, C., Morgan, A., Currie, D., Looze, M., Roberts, C., Samdal, O., Smith, O. R. F., Barnekow, V. (2012). Social determinants of health and well-being among young people. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: International report from the 2009/2010 survey. Copenhagen, WHO Regional Office for Europe, Health Policy for Children and Adolescents, No. 6.

Diener, E. (2000). Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index. American Psychologist, 55, 34–43. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.55.1.34

Diener, E., & Suh, E. M. (1999). National differences in subjective wellbeing. In D. Kahneman, E. Diener, & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Well-being: The foundations of hedonic psychology (pp. 434–452). New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The Satisfaction with Life Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71–75. doi:10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13

Diener, E., Kesebir, P., & Lucas, R. (2008). Benefits of accounts of well-being—for societies and for psychological science. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 57, 37-53. doi:10.1111/j.1464-0597.2008.00353.x

Diener, E., Oishi, S., & Lucas, R. E. (2003). Personality, culture, and subjective well-being: Emotional and cognitive evaluations of life. Annual Review of Psychology, 54, 403-425. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.54.101601.145056

Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. E. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 276–302. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.125.2.276

Dimitrov, D. M. (2010). Testing for factorial invariance in the context of construct validation. Measurement and Evaluation in Counselling and Development, 43, 121–149. doi:10.1177/0748175610373459

Eurostat (2015). How satisfied are people with their lives in the European Union? A new multi-dimensional data collection. Retrieved from http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_STAT-15-4634_en.htm

European Commission (2011). An EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies up to 2020. Retrieved from ec.europa.eu/justice/policies/discrimination/docs/com_2011_173_en.pdf

Glaesmer, H., Grande, G., Braehler, E., & Roth, M. (2011). The German version of the Satisfaction with Life Scale—Psychometric properties and population based norms. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 27, 127–132. doi:10.1027/1015-5759/a000058

Goldbeck, L., Schmitz, T. G., Besier, T., Herschbach, P., & Henrich, G. (2007). Life satisfaction decreases during adolescence. Quality of Life Research, 16, 969–979. doi:10.1007/s11136-007-9205-5

Hu, L. T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling- A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6, 1–55. doi:10.1080/10705519909540118

Hultell, D., & Gustavsson, J. P. (2008). A psychometric evaluation of the Satisfaction with Life Scale in a Swedish nationwide sample of university students. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 1070–1079. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2007.10.030

Inglehart, R., Foa, R., Peterson, C., & Weizel, C. (2008). Development, freedom, and rising happiness: A global perspective, 1981–2007. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 3, 264–285. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6924.2008.00078.x

Jöreskog, K. G. (1971). Simultaneous factor analysis in several populations. Psychometrika, 36, 409–426. doi:10.1007/BF02291366.

Judge, T. A., & Watanabe, S. (1994). Individual differences in the nature of the relationship between job and life satisfaction. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 67, 101–107. doi:10.1111/j.2044-8325.1994.tb00554.x

Kamberi, E., Martinovic, B., & Verkuijten, M. (2014). Life satisfaction and happiness among the Roma in Central and Southeastern Europe. Social Indicators Research, 124, 199–220 doi:10.1007/s11205-014-0783-7

Kuppens, P., Ceulemans, E., Timmerman, M.E., Diener, E., & Kim-Prieto, C. (2006). Universal intracultural and intercultural dimensions of the recalled frequency of emotional experience. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 37, 491–515. doi:10.1177/0022022106290474

Lewis, C. A., Shevlin, M. E., Sme’kal, V., & Dorahy, M. J. (1999). Factor structure and reliability of a Czech translation of the Satisfaction with Life Scale among Czech university students. Studia Psychologica, 41, 239–244.

Lucas, R. E., Diener, E., & Suh, E. (1996). Discriminant validity of well-being measures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71, 616–628. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.71.3.616

Marks, N., Abdallah, S., Simms, A., & Thompson, S. (2006). The happy planet index. London, United Kingdom: New Economics Foundation.

Mărginean, I., Precupeţu , I., & Preoteasa, A.M. (2002). Evoluţii în domeniul surselor standardului economic al populaţiei relevate de diagnoza calităţii vieţii. In Mărginean I., Bălaşa A., Calitatea Vieţii în România (pp. 251–260). Bucureşti: Expert.

Meade, A. W., Johnson, E. C., & Braddy, P. W. (2008). Power and sensitivity of alternative fit indices in tests of measurement invariance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 568–592. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.93.3.568

Negovan, V. (2010). Dimensions of students’ psychosocial well-being and their measurement: Validation of a students’ Psychosocial Well Being Inventory. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 2, 85–104. doi:10.5964/ejop.v6i2.186

Park, N., Peterson, C., & Ruch, W. (2009) Orientations to happiness and life satisfaction in twenty-seven nations. The Journal of Positive Psychology: Dedicated to furthering research and promoting good practice, 4, 273–279. doi:10.1080/17439760902933690

Pavot, W., & Diener, E. (1993). Review of the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Psychological Assessment, 5, 164–172. doi:10.1037/1040-3590.5.2.164

Pavot, W., & Diener, E. (2008) The Satisfaction with Life Scale and the emerging construct of life satisfaction. The Journal of Positive Psychology: Dedicated to furthering research and promoting good practice, 3, 137–152. doi:10.1080/17439760701756946

Pavot, W., Diener, E., Colvin, C. R., & Sandvik, E. (1991). Further validation of the satisfaction with life scale: Evidence for the cross-method convergence of well-being measures. Journal of Personality Assessment, 57, 149–161. doi:10.1207/s15327752jpa5701_17

Ponizovsky, Y., Dimitrova, R., Schachner, M. K., & Van de Schoot, R. (2012). The Satisfaction With Life Scale: Measurement invariance across immigrant groups. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 10, 526–532. doi:10.1080/17405629.2012.707778

Population Reference Bureau (2015). Population projections. Retrieved from http://www.prb.org/DataFinder/Topic/Rankings.aspx?ind=15

Rona, S., & Lee, L. E. (2001). School success for Roma children. Step by Step Special Schools Initiative. Retrieved from https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/sites/default/files/romachildren_report.pdf

Runcan, P. L., & Iovu, M. B. (2013). Emotional intelligence and life satisfaction in Romanian university students: The mediating role of self-esteem and social support. Revista de Cercetare si Interventie Sociala ,40, 137–148.

Stefenel, D. (2012). Cultural models in conflict communication: a Cross-Cultural Approach among Greeks, Romanians and Romanian migrants in Greece (unpublished PhD thesis), University of Bucharest, Romania.

Stefenel, D., Răulea, C., & Stef, L. (2014). Coping mechanism in a socio - educational light: A case study in nowadays’ Romanian medical organizations. Procedia — Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, Stevens, M. J., Constantinescu, P.-M., Lambru, I., Butucescu, A., Sandu, C. G., & Uscatescu, L. (2012). Romanian adaptation of the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Journal of Psychological and Educational Research, 20, 17–33.

The New Economics Foundation. (2012). The happy planet index: 2012. Retrieved from http://www.happyplanetindex.org/assets/happy-planet-index-report.pdf

United Nations (2013). UN data. Human Development Index. Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/table-1-human-development-index-and-its-components

UNDP/WB/EC Regional Roma survey. (2011). Data on vulnerability of Roma. Retrieved from: http://www.eurasia.undp.org/content/rbec/en/home/ourwork/sustainable-development/development-planning-and-inclusive-sustainable-growth/roma-in-central-and-southeast-europe/roma-data/

Uusitalo-Malmivaara, L. (2014). Happiness decreases during early adolescence. A study on 12- and 15-year-old Finnish students. Psychology, 5, 541–555. doi:10.4236/psych.2014.56064

Van de Schoot, R., Lugtig, P., & Hox, J. (2012). A checklist for testing measurement invariance. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 9, 486–492. doi:10.1080/17405629.2012.686740

Van de Vijver, F. J. R., & Leung, K. (1997). Methods and data analysis for cross-cultural research. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Vitterso, J., Biswas-Diener, R., & Diener, E. (2005). The divergent meanings of life satisfaction: Item response modeling of the satisfaction with life scale in Greenland and Norway. Social Indicators Research, 74, 327–348. doi:10.1007/s11205-004-4644-7

World Health Organization (2013). Mental health action plan 2013–2020. Geneva, Retrieved from http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/89966/1/9789241506021_eng.pdf

Zhao, X., Qu, H., & Ghiselli, R. (2011). Examining the relationship of work-family conflict to affective reaction, cognitive appraisal and life satisfaction. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 30, 46–54. doi:10.1016/j.ijhm.2010.04.010

Zubieta, E. M., & Delfino, G. I. (2010). Satisfaction with life and social well-bieng in college students. Anuario de Investigaciones Facultatad de Psicologia, 277–283.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Radosveta Dimitrova, Carmen Buzea, Amina Abubakar, Delia Stefenel



Asociatia de Psihologie Industriala si Organizationala
Strada Grigore Moisil, nr. 42, sector 2, București, cod poștal 023796

Creative Commons License
This work by Psihologia Resurselor Umane is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at pru.apio.ro.