Burnout and job insecurity: the mediating role of job crafting

Bogdan Oprea, Dragoș Iliescu

Abstract


Job insecurity has been associated with burnout. However, the mechanism by which they influence each other has remained largely unexplored. Using a sample of 150 employees in the IT industry, we tested the mediating role of job crafting, the proactive change of job characteristics by the employees, in the relationship between burnout and job insecurity. Using structural equation models, we showed that only increasing challenging job demands, one of the four components of job crafting, mediates the relationship between burnout and job insecurity. A longitudinal study is recommended to test causality.


Keywords


job insecurity; burnout; job crafting; mediation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alarcon, G. M. (2011). A meta-analysis of burnout with job demands, resources and attitudes. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 79, 549-562.

Bakker, A. B., & Demerouti, E. (2007). The job demands-resources model: State of the art. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 22, 309-328.

Bakker, A. B., & Demerouti, E. (2014). Job Demands-Resources Theory. In P. Y. Chen & C. L. Cooper (Eds.), Work and Wellbeing: Wellbeing: A Complete Reference Guide, Volume III. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Bakker, A. B., Schaufeli, W. B., Sixma, H., Bosveld, W., & Van Dierendonck, D. (2000). Patient demands, lack of reciprocity, and burnout: A five-year longitudinal study among general practitioners. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 21, 425–441.

Bakker, A.B. (2015). A Job Demands–Resources approach to public service motivation. Public Administration Review, 75, 723-732.

Cheng, G. H. L. & Chan, D. K. S. (2008). Who suffers more from job insecurity? A meta-analytic review. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 57, 272-303.

Crawford, E. R., LePine, J. A., & Rich, B. L. (2010). Linking job demands and resources to employee engagement and burnout: A theoretical extension and meta-analytic test. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95, 834–-848.

De Cuyper, N., Mäkikangas, A., Kinnunen, U., Mauno, S. & Witte, H. D. (2012). Cross-lagged associations between perceived external employability, job insecurity, and exhaustion: Testing gain and loss spirals according to the Conservation of Resources Theory. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 22, 770-788.

De Witte, H. (1999). Job insecurity and psychological well-being: Review of the literature and exploration of some unresolved issues. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 8, 155-177.

De Witte, H., Pienaar, J., & De Cuyper, N. (in press.). Review of 30 years of longitudinal studies on the association between job insecurity and health and well-being. Is there causal evidence? Australian Psychologist.

Dekker, S. & Schaufeli, W. B. (1995). The effects of job insecurity on psychological health and withdrawal. A longitudinal study. Australian Psychologist, 30, 57-63.

Demerouti, E., & Bakker, A.B. (2011). The Job Demands–Resources model: Challenges for future research. South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 37, 1-9.

Demerouti, E., Bakker, A. B., & Bulters, A. J. (2004). The loss spiral of work pressure, work-home interference and exhaustion: Reciprocal relations in a three-wave study. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 64, 131–149.

Demerouti, E., Bakker, A.B., & Halbesleben, J.R.B. (2015). Productive and counterproductive job crafting: A daily diary study. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 20, 457- 469.

Demerouti, E., Bakker, A.B., Vardakou, I., & Kantas, A. (2003). The convergent validity of two burnout instruments: A multitrait-multimethod analysis. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 19, 12-23.

Demerouti, E., Le Blanc, P., Bakker, A.B., Schaufeli, W.B. & Hox, J. (2009). Present but sick: A three-wave study on job demands, presenteeism and burnout. Career Development International, 14, 50-68.

Emberland, J.S. & Rundmo, T. (2010). Implications of job insecurity perceptions and job insecurity responses for psychological well-being, turnover intentions and reported risk behavior. Safety Science. 48, 452-459.

Ferrie, J. E. (2001). Is job insecurity harmful to health? Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 94, 71-76.

Hellgren, J. & Sverke, M. (2003). Does job insecurity lead to impaired well-being or vice versa? Estimation of cross-lagged effects using latent variable modeling. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24, 215-236.

Hobfoll, S. E. (2001). The influence of culture, community, and the nested-self in the stress process: Advancing Conservation of Resources Theory. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 50, 337-421.

Jackson, L.T.B. & Rothmann, S. (2005). Work-related well-being of educators in a district of the North West Province. Perspectives in Education, 23, 107-122.

Kinnunen, U. & Natti, J. (1999). Job insecurity in Finland: antecedents and consequences. The European Work and Organizational Psychologist, 4, 297-321.

Kinnunen, U., Mauno, S., & Siltaloppi, M. (2010). Job insecurity, recovery and well-being at work: Recovery experiences as moderators. Economic and Industrial Democracy, 31, 179-194.

László, K. D., Pikhart, H., Kopp, M. S., Bobak, M., Pajak, A., Malyutina, S., Salavecz, G., & Marmot, M. (2010). Job insecurity and health: A study of 16 European countries. Social Science & Medicine, 70, 867-874.

Lee, S., Colditz, G. A., Berkman, L. F., & Kawachi, I. (2004). Prospective study of job insecurity and coronary heart disease in US women. Annals of Epidemiology, 14 (1), 24-30.

Maslach, C., Schaufeli, W. B., & Leiter, M. P. (2001). Job burnout. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 397-422.

Mauno, S., & Kinnunen, U. (1999). Job insecurity and well-being: A longitudinal study among male and female employees in Finland. Community, Work, & Family, 2, 147-171.

Muenster, E., Rueger, H., Ochsmann, E., Letzel, S., & Toschke, A.M. (2011). Association between overweight, obesity and self-perceived job insecurity in German employees. BMC Public Health, 11, 162-169.

Oprea, B. T. & Ștefan, M. C. (2015). Scala pentru modificarea postului: Adaptare la limba română. Psihologia Resurselor Umane, 13, 39-52.

Piccoli, B. & De Witte, H. (2015). Job Insecurity and Emotional Exhaustion: Testing Psychological Contract Breach versus Distributive Injustice as Indicators of Lack of Reciprocity. Work & Stress, 29, 246-263.

Pituch, K. A., Stapleton, L. M., & Kang, J. Y. (2006). A comparison of single sample and bootstrap methods to assess mediation in cluster randomized trials. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 41, 367-400.

Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 879-903.

Schaufeli, W. B. & Salanova, M. (2014). Burnout, boredom and engagement at the workplace. In Peeters, M., de Jonge, J., & Taris, T. (eds.), People at work: An Introduction to Contemporary Work Psychology (pp. 293-320). Chichester, Wiley-Blackwell.

Sverke, M., Hellgren, J., & Näswall, K. (2002). No security: A meta-analysis and review of job insecurity and its consequences. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 7, 242-264.

Sverke, M., Hellgren, J., Näswall, K., Chirumbolo, A., De Witte, H., & Goslinga, S. (2004). Job insecurity and union membership: European unions in the wake of flexible production. Brussels: Peter Lang.

Swider, B. W., & Zimmerman, R. D. (2010). Born to burnout: A meta-analytic path model of personality, job burnout, and work outcomes. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 76, 847-506.

Tims, M., & Bakker, A. B. (2010). Job crafting: Towards a new model of individual job redesign. South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 36, 1-9.

Tims, M., Bakker, A. B., & Derks, D. (2012a). Development and validation of the Job Crafting scale. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80, 173-186.

Tims, M., Bakker, A. B., & Derks, D. (2012b). Proactive personality and job performance: The role of Job Crafting and work engagement. Human Relations, 65, 1359-1378.

Tims, M., Bakker, A. B., & Derks, D. (2013). The Impact of Job Crafting on Job Demands, Job Resources, and Well-Being. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 18, 230-240.

Tims, M., Bakker, A. B., & Derks, D. (2014). Daily Job Crafting and the self-efficacy - performance relationship. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 29, 490-507.

Tims, M., Bakker, A.B., & Derks, D. (2015). Job crafting and job performance: A longitudinal study. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 24, 914-928.

Vander Elst, T., Van den Broeck, A., De Cuyper, N., & De Witte, H. (2014). On the reciprocal relationship between job insecurity and employee well-being: Mediation by perceived control? Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 87, 671–693.

Wrzesniewski, A., & Dutton, J. E. (2001). Crafting a job: Revisioning employees as active crafters of their work. Academy of Management Review, 26, 179-201.

Zapf, D., Dormarm, C., & Frese, M. (1996). Longitudinal studies in organizational stress research: A review of the literature with reference to methodological issues. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 1, 145-169.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2015 Oprea Bogdan, Iliescu Dragos



Asociatia de Psihologie Industriala si Organizationala
Strada Grigore Moisil, nr. 42, sector 2, București, cod poștal 023796

Creative Commons License
This work by Psihologia Resurselor Umane is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at pru.apio.ro.