Construction and validation of the Scale for the Evaluation of the Perception of Counterproductive Behaviors in Organizations (EPCBO)

Coralia Sulea, Horia D. Pitariu, Laurenţiu Maricuţoiu


The purpose of this study was to develop a scale for the perception of counterproductive work behaviors. Employees from four independent samples filled in the questionnaire (total N=390). Two studies were conducted. The first study aimed to item construction and exploratory factor analysis, whereas the second aimed to instrument validation and confirmatory factor analysis. The results confirmed a four factor scale (misuse of information, production deviance, absenteeism and withdrawal, as well as interpersonal counterproductive behavior). The scale has 20 items and can be applied to a wide range of organizations. Implications for managers and future research are also discussed.


counterproductive work behavior;its perception;factor analysis

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