Predicting counterproductive work behaviors: A meta-analysis of their relationship with individual and situational factors

Coralia Sulea, Laurenţiu Maricuţoiu, Cătălina Zaborilă Dumitru, Horia D. Pitariu


The present article details a meta-analysis on 35 empirical studies which included 9897 participants within 39 independent samples. The research investigated individual and organizational predictors for counterproductive work behavior (CWB). The variables considered for this study are organizational justice (interactional, procedural and distributive), job satisfaction, negative affectivity, Big Five personality factors – as predictors for counterproductive behavior. Furthermore, the relationships between the organizational and interpersonal dimensions of CWB were analysed. Results indicate a negative association between justice dimensions and counterproductive behaviors, and an average positive association between negative affectivity and counterproductive behaviors. Low levels of Agreeableness and Conscientiousness are associated with counterproductive behaviors. Job dissatisfaction is also associated with counterproductive behaviors. The analysis includes a discussion of the implications of these results for further research, and suggestions regarding the management of counterproductive behaviors in organizations.


meta-analysis;counterproductive work behavior (CWB);organizational justice;personality;negative affectivity;job satisfaction

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Articles marked with * are included in the metaanalysis

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