Implicaţiile factorilor cognitivi şi de personalitate în luarea deciziilor – un model teoretico-explicativ

Delia Vîrgă

Abstract


This study is aimed to show the influence of cognitive and non-cognitive factors on decisional efficiency through the design of a theoretical-explicative model and by testing it against reality. This model reflects the link between cognitive variables, personality variables and decisional performance.

The participants in this study (N=88) are managers in a IT&C company and have an average age of 32.3 years and a average working seniority of 8.6 years, 74.9% being males and 25.1 % being females.

The instruments used were California Psychological Inventory (CPI 260 items form), a questionnaire for assessing the decisional style, a decision making questionnaire, decisional skills test (BTPAC), and Raven standard test, Plus form, a questionnaire for assessing cognitive complexity and Melbourne decision making questionnaire. In order to evaluate decisional performance I developed an behaviorally anchored scale.

The evaluation of cognitive competencies, defined in behavioral terms like decision making performance and cognitive complexity, together with the personality dimensions, help us to select managers with an increased adaptive orientation to organizational change and a better decisional performance

Keywords


decision making performance; cognitive complexity; organizational change

References


Anderson, N, Cunningham-Snell, N. (2000) Personnel selection. In Chmiel, N., (ed), Introduction to work and organiyational psychology. An European perspective, Blackwell.

Flynn, J.R. (1987). Massive IQ gains in 14 nations: What IQ tests really measure. Psychological Bulletin, 101, 171-191.

Gough, H.G. (1987). Manual for the California Psychological Inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.

Hunter, J. E., Schmidt, F.L., Rauschenberger, J.M. & Jayne, M.E.A. (2001). Intelligence, motivation, and job-performance. In C. L. Cooper& E.A. Locke (Eds.), Industrial and organizational psychology (pp.278-303). Oxford, UK: Blackwell.

Hunter, J.E. (1986). Cognitive ability, cognitive aptitudes, job knowledge and job performance, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 29, 340-362.

Janis, I.L., Mann, L. (1977). Decision making. New York: Free Press.

Jensen, A. R. (1980). Bias in mental testing. New York: Free Press.

Kline, T.J. (1996). A task for use in decision-making research and practice, Person individual differences, 21, 6, 1077-1079.

Loo, R. (2000). A Psychometric Evaluation of the General Decision-Making Style Inventory, Personality and Individual Diferences, 29, 895-905.

Payne, J.W., Bettman, J.R., Johnson, E.J. (1993). The Adaptive Decision Maker, Cambridge Univ. Press.

Pitariu, H.D. (2000). Managementul Resurselor Umane – Evaluarea performanţelor profesionale, ed. a II-a. Bucureşti: ALL Beck.

Pitariu, H.D., Iliescu, D. (2006). Inventarul Psihologic California, Bucureşti: Psiho Cover.

Pitariu, H.D. (2004). OK – dar ce facem acum? Teoretic şi aplicativ în psihologia contemporană. Revista de psihologie organizaţională, 4, 3-4, Polirom.

Schmidt, F.L. (2002). The role of general cognitive ability and job perfromance: Why there cannot be a debate. Human Performance, 15, 187-210.

Schmidt, N., Borman, W.C. (Eds). (1993). Personnel selection in organizations. San Francisco: Josey Bass.

Scott, S.G., Bruce, R.A. (1995). Decision-making style: the development and assessment of a new measure. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 55, 5, 818–831.

Tversky, A., Kahneman, D. (1973). Availability: A heuristic for judging frequency and probability. Cognitive Psychology, 5, 207-232.

Vîrgă, D., (2004). Eficienţa decizională în contextul schimbării sarcinii. Revista de psihologie organizaţională, 4, 3-4, Polirom


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2015 Delia Vîrgă



Asociatia de Psihologie Industriala si Organizationala
Strada Grigore Moisil, nr. 42, sector 2, București, cod poștal 023796

Creative Commons License
This work by Psihologia Resurselor Umane is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at pru.apio.ro.