Justiţia organizaţională şi afectivitatea negativă: o metaanaliză a relaţiei acestora cu comportamentele contraproductive

Horia Pitariu, Coralia Sulea, Cătălina Zaborilă, Laurenţiu Maricuţoiu

Abstract


În cadrul articolului de faţă s-a efectuat o metaanaliză pe 21 studii empirice incluzând 5678 participanţi din 23 de eşantioane independente cu o medie de 276,86 subiecţi pe eşantion. Au fost investigaţi predictori individuali şi organizaţionali aferenţi comportamentului contraproductiv la locul de muncă. Variabilele luate în considerare au fost: justiţia organizaţională (interacţională, procedurală şi distributivă) şi afectivitatea negativă, ca predictori ai comportamentului contraproductiv.

                Rezultatele indică o asociere negativă între dimensiunile justiţiei şi comportamentele contraproductive şi o asociere medie pozitivă între afectivitatea negativă şi comportamentele contraproductive. Cel mai bun predictor al comportamentelor contraproductive este justiţia procedurală. Afectivitatea negativă influenţează direct proporţional comportamentul contraproductiv al angajatului, acesta fiind însă preponderent direcţionat spre organizaţie şi nu spre colegi. Autorii descriu implicaţiile pentru cercetări ulterioare şi sugestiile cu privire la comportamentul managerilor.


Keywords


metaanaliză, comportament contraproductiv, justiţie organizaţională, afectivitate negativă.

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