Beyond task performance: the concept of organizational citizenship performance

Dan Ispas, Walter Borman


In this paper, we describe the construct of citizenship performance and briefly review some of the industrial and organizational psychology research on organizational citizenship. We discuss the history, the dimensionality, the antecedents, consequences and implications for practice, and also provide a critical analysis. The conclusions of this review are that citizenship performance is important for contemporary organizations and contemporary trends suggest it will continue to be important in the future. We encourage further research in the area of citizenship performance in other cultures beyond the US.


citizenship performance, organizational citizenship behaviors, job performance, industrial-organizational psychology

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